WEIGHT CONTROL: HEALTH RISKS OF OBESITY

- Hypertension (High blood pressure)- Diabetes- Cardiovascular diseases- Cancer- Osteoarthritis- Gout- Depression- Respiratory Problems: Sleep apnea
HypertensionHigh blood pressure can lead to development of heart disease, kidney failure and stroke. Obese people are six times more prone to develop heart disease. Obese people generally have elevated blood lipids thus leading to atherosclerosis and cardiovascular problems.
Diabetes type IIObese people are ten times more likely to develop type II diabetes and obesity is the principal risk factor especially when it is central obesity (higher waist circumference) or (higher waist hip ratio).

Respiratory problemsObesity puts pressure on lungs thus reducing their size, chest wall is heavy and is difficult to lift, thus causing difficulty in breathing, sleep apnea is another disorder where subjects stop breathing in their sleep due to collapse of soft tissues in the throat. On long-term basis sleep apnea can cause hypertension, arrhythmia and sudden death.
Musculoskeletal problemsArthritis and low back pain are common. Joint replacements are also difficult to perform.
Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)Increased stomach pressure results in high rate of reflux where acid from the stomach backs up into the oesophagus. Other problems include decreased or irregular menstrual cycle, infertility, ovarian cyst, etc. Obese women are also more prone to cancer of breast, uterus, cervix, ovaries or gall bladder.Psychological problems include negative image, shame, depression, rejection, etc. Studies have shown that each kg of weight loss is associated with 3- 4 months of prolonged survival; 10 kg weight loss is predicted to restore 35% of life expectancy; 10% of total body weight loss reduces HbAlC by 1.6%, reduces hypertension by 26%, reduces triglycerides, LDL (low density lipoprotein) and increases HDL (high density lipoprotein).
Weight ReductionMost recent WHO recommendation for dietary improvements and increased level of physical exercise provides the basis for the development of strategies to challenge rise in obesity. The more effective obesity therapies should prevent or delay the onset of chronic degenerative diseases like diabetes, hypertension and to maintain the weight loss.*2/356/5*