Medical research is consuming far more funds than it was when the health sciences were making breathtaking advancements in the quality and quantity of human life. We spend billions of tax dollars, for instance, on the budget of the National Institutes of Health every year. When it comes to the control of disease, medicine gave us much less for much more money as the twentieth century progressed. It is true to some extent that the problems faced now are harder to solve, but it is also true that medical research is stuck in a rut. We can be confident only that the problems of the present are harder to solve using the approaches of the past. Little in the control of disease during the last half of the twentieth century involved fundamentally new approaches, in the same way that antibiotics are fundamentally different from vaccination, which is fundamentally different from hygienic improvements, which is fundamentally different from surgical removal of diseased tissue. Rather we are recycling each of these solutions. The major advances during this period were vaccines and antibiotics. The payoffs from vaccination dwindled from the successes against polio, measles, whooping cough, and mumps during the 1950s and 1960s to the more sporadic successes of the subsequent three decades. The generation of new antibiotics struggled to stay ahead of antibiotic resistance. The antibiotic strategy was broadened to encompass antiviral and antiprotozoal drugs, but these applications never generated the magic bullets that were anticipated from the successes of the 1940s. The positive effects of antivirals on AIDS, and antimalarials on malaria, never came close to the effects of penicillin on streptococcal pneumonia. When confronted with problems such as influenza, AIDS, and malaria, researchers kept applying the solutions that worked for other diseases, hoping that improved technology would improve the results of these marginally effective strategies. They did not use technology to generate any fundamentally different approaches. In spite of this declining return on investment, one fact stands out. Though there has been much investment in studies of genetic causation of disease, the most significant returns were generated on the investments in studies of infectious diseases. Polio, measles, hepatitis, liver cancer, ulcers, and cervical cancer were all controlled or shown to be controllable during the last half of the twentieth century through the control of infectious agents. This track record provides a sense of how to invest in our future: focus on the germs. The Human Genome Project serves as a test case. Many medical experts believe that the Human Genome Project will accomplish much of what the last half century of medical genetics failed to do: identify the genetic causes of the major diseases so that the harm from these diseases can be ameliorated. The genome project will surely illuminate genetic causes of disease, but evolutionary principles suggest that the most important disease-causing genes will belong not to the humans but to the pathogens. Human genes will become relevant not so much because they cause disease but rather because they protect or fail to protect against pathogen genes. Specifically, analysis of the human genome should foster the discovery of genetic sequences that seem out of place in the human genome. These stretches will seem out of place because they are out of place, being viral rather than human. By facilitating an improved understanding of infectious agents in the human genome, these studies will help unmask potential agents of human diseases.*28\225\2*
An effective method to quickly remove the toxins from the body is a period of fasting on a grape diet, which means what it says, i.e. no other food than grapes should pass the lips. This diet should not be followed for longer than four days. An even more foolproof way to rid the body of toxins is by colonic irrigation. As more and more people begin to feel the benefits of colonic irrigation, it is becoming better known and more widely accepted as a therapeutic procedure. Yet, many people still know relatively little about this treatment method, so I will explain how and why the treatment is given, and what should or should not be done in colonic irrigation. A good friend of mine runs a clinic in Toronto, Canada, which specialises in colonic irrigation treatments, called Resto-Clean. Most of the following information is based on the procedures followed in that clinic.Colonic irrigation is a means of restoring the colon to a healthy state so that it can perform its function properly. It involves a hygienic cleansing of the lower bowel, or large intestine, using water. The modern diet, on the whole, is too full of refined foods, saturated oils and chemical substances, which puts a strain on the whole body. Besides this, the stress of modern living and the environment in which we live, are conducive to creating disorders which place a great burden on the whole elimination system. This creates abnormal conditions which prevent the colon from working properly. A colon irrigation is done to clean it and restore it to its proper function.The colon’s main functions are to continue digestion of food started in the small intestine, to remove water for use by the body, and to convey waste and toxic material outside the body. It does the latter by means of waves of muscle contraction in the wall of the colon, called peristalsis. It also holds bacteria which begins the process of breaking down the waste into its components, thus preventing a toxic condition in the body. It should take no more than twenty-four hours for food to move through the digestive system. However, the colon handles more than the food we eat; it also expels the dead cells from the body. In other words, the colon is the body’s sewage system.Two common symptoms of colon trouble are constipation and diarrhoea. But there are many conditions which an unhealthy colon will produce, which appear to be unrelated to the colon. Since the colon is the whole body’s sewage system, any problems which cause it to malfunction will have effects elsewhere. If waste builds up through constipation, a general condition which affects the whole body, called toxaemia, can occur, in which poisons from the colon are circulated through the bloodstream, giving rise to serious problems in several organs. Generally speaking though, problems in the colon show up in the digestive system first. Colon irrigation will help any condition which is caused by a back-up of poisons in the body. Since every organ throws off waste material, usually through the blood, an inability to dispose of the waste will poison the entire body.As to the question of who should have colonic irrigation, it would be too easy to say ‘Everyone’. Certainly anyone who has chronic problems in the digestive and/or elimination system should begin a series of treatments. They are not normally needed for small children, but treatment can be given to children over six years of age. The average person in our society, including children, has a diet which creates problems in the colon, whether or not he or she is aware of it. Even in a ‘healthy’ person, the walls of the colon become impacted with waste matter which builds up over a number of years. This prevents the efficient functioning of the colon. Any person with this condition will benefit from this treatment therapy.A person with a colon which functions normally, should have about as many bowel movements per day as he or she had meals the previous day. There should be no constipation or diarrhoea. These things would seem to indicate a healthy colon. However, because the body organs are designed to function normally under some level of stress, the appearance of a healthy colon may mask a growing problem in the digestive, system. Therefore, it is a good preventive measure to remove poisons and wastes and maintain good health by means of a cleansing of the lower bowel.Ideally, colonics should be done by trained colon therapists, who have a good knowledge of the anatomy and physiology of the digestive system. A trained nurse is best. People who are untrained in colon therapy should be avoided.There are different ways of performing colon irrigation. In this age of machinery one would expect that there is a machine to do the work, and indeed there is. But machines, even sophisticated ones, are not very sensitive to the human condition. These machines pump water into the bowel and let it drain several times. This is called a pressure method since the machine relies on an increase of pressure in the bowel to make it drain the water. A better method involves using gravity, rather than pressure. Gravity and the continuous and active involvement of a trained colon specialist makes this a gentler and far superior method of irrigation. In the gravity method, a tank of water located at a certain height above the patient (12-18 inches) provides adequate pressure through gravity and the manual control of the water allows a more individual treatment.Colonics are done in a room housing a padded table for the patient to lie on, the colonic irrigation apparatus and a chair for the therapist. The therapist talks to new patients to explain the procedure and notes down a short medical history. Anyone who has not been referred by a physician, chiropractor or naturopath, will be asked to contact their doctor to determine whether there is any reason why colonic irrigation should not take place. If desired, the therapist may approach the doctor on behalf of the patient.Patients are asked to empty the bladder prior to the treatment, because the bowel will be massaged. Setting up the equipment involves filling a five-gallon tank with water, taking the proctoscope from the steriliser, attaching the tubes to the proctoscope and lubricating it. Clients are asked to lie on their sides for the initial part of the irrigation and then on their backs. The water is set to a certain temperature, usually between 80 and 96 degrees Fahrenheit or 27 to 35 degrees Celsius, depending upon the condition of the bowel, and allowed to flow into the colon through a quarter-inch tube. By blocking the large exit tube, the therapist prevents water from flowing out and puts a little water into the colon. By releasing the exit tube, they allow the water to drain, carrying with it toxins, fecal matter, mucus, and fermentation and other debris from the colon. This is carried directly into the sewage system. By filling up the colon more and more on successive cycles, the whole colon is eventually cleaned. The therapist massages the colon upon releasing the water in order to encourage the expulsion of toxic waste. Often the colon will help in this by producing waves of muscle contractions, which is quite normal. The site of many toxins is the caecum at the end of the colon closest to the small intestine. One of the goals of the treatment is to irrigate this portion well and rid it of toxic waste. This is not always possible at first, depending upon the condition of, and blockage in, the bowel, but after a number of irrigation treatments all parts of the bowel are cleaned.After going through this, ‘fill, release, massage, empty’ procedure several times and using about fifteen gallons of water, the treatment will be finished. It will have taken from half-an-hour to an hour. At the end of the treatment the proctoscope is removed and the client goes to the toilet to discharge any water left in the colon.After colonic irrigation the patient should take acidophilus (yoghurt culture) capsules or tablets in order to ensure that the intestinal flora in the colon are replaced. If the patient has been referred by a chiropractor, naturopath or physician, the colon therapist’s report to him, or her, may lead to a prescription for further herbal or drug treatments.If we have a normally healthy colon, a series of twelve to sixteen irrigation treatments should be enough to bring it to a high level of efficiency. In the case of toxic colons, a longer series of treatment may be required.A good diet and effort to eliminate or control stress and fatigue will keep us generally healthy, and good health means a well-functioning colon. Under these conditions colonic irrigation every three to six months will ensure that the body as a whole is kept clean and vital.*32\147\2*
As a mature adult, no doubt you’re considering what your future will be – when the kids leave home, when you achieve your career goals and have no further achievements to strive for, when you retire and change your lifestyle and possibly move from your home, your city and your state.
As a mature adult with diabetes, you have all these concerns, plus those that come with the fact you have this chronic disease with its possible complications.
All these considerations and concerns create stress. As a mature adult, you need to make plans now for how you will deal with these future stresses. With proper planning you can greatly reduce your risks for the debilitating stresses that come with growing older. Consider the alternative to growing older and you will have all the incentive in the world to work on your planning right now.
One of the biggest stresses in life is retirement. While it may relieve other stresses that come with working, more often than not it creates a whole new set of concerns.
A great deal of stress comes from not knowing what the future holds. Since you haven’t retired before, it’s difficult for you to know what lies ahead. This can be very stressful to anyone.
The key to handling the “unknowns” of retirement is to plan for that time. Make your own plan and you will remain in control over most of what will happen to you. The sooner you have created this retirement plan, the better off you will be and the more secure you will feel.
People, who work right up to the last minute without making any plans, and then jump into retirement, often do very poorly when their lives change abruptly. Change, in itself, is a major stress in anyone’s life.
Since you have just been diagnosed as having Type II diabetes, you have been handed a major stress. Your diabetes is going to be with you when you retire, so you need to plan, now, for how you’re going to control it – today, tomorrow, and two decades from now. Once your diabetes plan is established, you can go on to other retirement planning.
Here are some of the things you need to consider in the retirement plan you develop:
• Think about what you will be doing with your time when you retire. Would you like to travel? Volunteer with a civic or service group? Dust off those tools and get your workshop back in operation? Start a hobby or activity you just haven’t had time to do in the past?
• Think about where the funds are going to come from and how much you’ll have to spend during your retirement years. If retirement is a number of years away, you may have time to set aside funds to make your life more comfortable and pleasurable in the future.
• Think about where and how you’ll be living. Are you planning to move to a smaller house or a more pleasant climate?
If you have problems working out your retirement plan, seek professional help. Talk to your physician about this or to your diabetes educator. A psychological counselor can also be a great help if you have difficulty handling the feelings you have about the future.
Accentuate the Positive
Life has its ups and downs. How you react to these swings is vitally important. If you can maintain a positive attitude toward life and do positive things about your life, you’ll be able to cope with the downs and enjoy the ups to the fullest.
Harmeet was only 4 years when he was sent to learn swimming.
Seeing other children in the swimming pool, Harmeet jumped in the pool without waiting for the instructor and was saved from drowning by the timely action of the instructor.
He was given a combination of Cherry Plum (to rectify his impulsive instinct), Rock Rose (for terror) and Star of Bethelhem (for shock) to bring him to normal condition.
But he had lost his self-confidence to learn swimming again.
Larch Remedy given T.D.S. with Cherry Plum for 2 months changed his temperament of acting an impulse and also re-established self-confidence to learn swimming again.
Mrs. Renu Sachdeva—25 years—was lean and thin. She weighed 42 kg. when she was married 5 years ago. She weighed only 39 kg. now and her weight was not increasing, although she was taking good food. She had no other complaint and there was nothing in her family history to suggest any possible cause of her static weight.
She got tired soon, and wanted to put on some weight so that she could bear an appearance as other girls of her age.
“Olive” for weakness and “LARCH’ for desire to be like others was prescribed T.D.S for one week, and the same combination was continued for another 4 weeks when she confirmed that she fell stronger after one week’s treatment.
Each person reading this is at a particular point in life’s journey. You may be young, middle aged, or old. You may be newly injured or you may have lived with your injury for many years. You may be at peace with yourself or still struggling with difficult adjustments and unsettling emotions.
The future holds many challenges, of course, some anticipated and some unknowable. As you get older you’ll face new tasks, changes in health, and declines in strength. Medical problems related to your spinal cord injury may require you to adjust to additional losses or adapt to new technological aids. You’ll have highs and lows in your personal and social life, achievements and disappointments in your work life, losses and additions in your family.
What strengths can you build on to meet these and other challenges? How can your life be gratifying and full of joy in the years ahead? Everyone has unique character strengths, talents, ideas, and dreams, and these can be your building blocks.
Humor is an invaluable tool in dealing with adversity and in celebrating life’s joys. Humor releases tension, eases pain, soothes sorrow, and enhances communication and bonding between people. It helps people feel they have some control during seemingly uncontrollable or overwhelming events. People who can see the funny side of life often cope better with stressful or even catastrophic situations, and they may be able to elicit more support from others. Not only is laughter “the best medicine,” it can give you the strength to endure life’s many stresses and disappointments.
Reading joke books, watching funny movies, visiting a comedy club, reading the “funnies” and cartoons, or listening to comedians on audiotape are some ways of stimulating humor. You might try writing comedy or performing as a comedian or comic actor. Several people with disabilities have been highly successful as comedy entertainers, such as Gene Mitchner, a wheelchair user once referred to as a “sit-down comic.” One Hollywood agency caters specifically to comics and entertainers with disabilities. Being able to find humor in the ups and downs of everyday life and to laugh at yourself is a real gift. Terry Galloway, a deaf performance artist, tries to communicate “Joy! Absolute joy! That jolt of love for life in its infinite complications.” Humor helps us accept those complications with a laugh.
Pursuing Your Dreams
Dreams or passions evolve out of our interests, creativity, relationships, and values. They can be specific and personal, like Franklin’s dream to learn scuba diving and parachuting after he became paraplegic. Or they may be general and altruistic, like Nora’s passion for disability advocacy after her spinal cord injury. Sometimes dreams evolve from personal passions to entire movements. Ed Roberts’s dream of going to college eventually led not only to his admission as the first quadriplegic at his school, but to a campus-wide, then community-wide, movement for independent living. Sometimes dreams that are purely personal, such as accomplishing difficult athletic feats, can change the attitudes or behavior of others simply by setting inspirational examples.
More “ordinary” dreams – to find a steady, loving relationship, get married, have children, go to graduate school, help other people, play an instrument, run for local office, and so on – are just as important. Not everyone dreams of extraordinary accomplishments, but most people who live happy lives are able to look beyond their present circumstances, imagine where they would like to be in the future, and find the means to get there.
This important mineral helps the activity of vitamin D in promoting calcium absorption. Osteoporosis sufferers are frequently low in zinc. Good sources arc oysters, fish, animal foods, pumpkin seeds and eggs.
We need some phosphorus to help make bone. But most of us have far too much of it, which upsets the calcium chemistry in the body. Excess phosphorus in the bloodstream sends a message that more calcium is required and stores are released from the bones. Some scientists believe that getting the calcium/phosphorus ratio right is more important than calcium alone in protecting bones. Nowadays it’s very easy to consume far too much phosphorus. It’s there in all kinds of food – instant soups and puddings, meat, cheese, toppings, cola drinks and fizzy drinks. Cut down on all of these. The ideal balance is equal parts of calcium to phosphorus. But research suggests we consume four times as much phosphorus as calcium. Cottage cheese, for instance, contains far more phosphorus than calcium.
Some minerals – phosphorus, calcium and magnesium, for instance – are termed macro minerals because they are present in our bodies in large amounts. Zinc, manganese, copper, chromium, selenium and boron, on the other hand, are present in small amounts and are known as trace elements. Boron is in fact an ‘ultratrace’ element – the amounts needed are even smaller. But boron is now believed to be vital for a number of reasons. A US Department of Agriculture research study demonstrated that giving postmenopausal women a short course of 3mg boron supplements a day resulted in a 44 per cent reduction in the amount of calcium excreted in their urine. It also markedly increased the amount of the oestrogen hormone oestradiol in their blood. In fact it raised the level of this oestrogen to the amounts shown in the blood of women receiving oestrogen therapy. The conclusions of this rather dramatic US Department of Agriculture study were that boron improved the metabolism of calcium, phosphorus and magnesium, helped raise oestrogen levels in older women to the levels found in those taking HRT, helped in the manufacture of vitamin D needed for calcium absorption and reduced calcium, magnesium and oestrogen loss. Boron is found in alfalfa, kelp, cabbage and leafy greens. It is stored in our bones and any excess is excreted in the urine.
Diets deficient in vitamin B6 produced osteoporosis in rats. It appears to increase the strength of connective tissue in bone. You can find vitamin B6 in everyday foods such as whole-grains, fish, nuts, bananas and avocados.
Vitamin К is known primarily for its effect on blood clotting. But it is also needed to synthesize osteocalcin, a unique protein found in large amounts in bone. Osteocalcin helps harden calcium, so vitamin К is vital for bone formation. In one study of sixteen osteoporosis patients blood levels of vitamin К were found to be 35 per cent lower than in healthy people of the same age. Frequent use of antibiotics can result in vitamin К deficiency. The best source is of vitamin К is green vegetables.
“Suppose the seizure lasts more than 30 minutes. Suppose the child has one seizure after another without waking up between them. What do I do then?”
Status epilepticus is a medical emergency! “STATUS EPILEPTICUS” IS DEFINED AS A SEIZURE THAT LASTS A LONG TIME. SOME PEOPLE DEFINE A LONG TIME AS TWENTY MINUTES, THIRTY minutes, or an hour. We would recommend not being too concerned about a tonic-clonic “grand mal” seizure that lasts fewer than ten to fifteen or twenty minutes. There is no evidence that even thirty minutes of generalized tonic-clonic movement does damage to the brain. Even an hour of tonic-clonic seizures is unlikely to do damage to the brain, but we would not recommend purposely allowing a seizure to continue that long.
There are actually two types of status. One is the status epilepticus that most people think about, convulsive status, in which the patient is having tonic-clonic, shaking seizures for this long period of time. A separate type, nonconvulsive status, is an episode when a patient has absence spells, staring spells, or periods of confusion lasting a half-hour, an hour, or (rarely) days. This nonconvulsive status is not life-threatening or brain-damaging, but should be recognized.
As we have already said, food is digested by your body to provide fuel to your tissues and organs. The amount of fuel is measured in kilojoules.
Let’s go a little deeper into this subject. When food is digested in your stomach and intestines, it’s generally changed from protein, fat and carbohydrate into a substance called glucose (a simple sugar). Glucose is the primary substance cells use as fuel.
During the digestive process, the glucose obtained from the food enters the bloodstream, where it is carried to the cells. For the cells to be able to use this glucose, a hormone called insulin must be available. Insulin allows the glucose to leave the bloodstream and enter the cell where it can be used as fuel. If there isn’t enough insulin available, the glucose remains in the bloodstream, resulting in the high blood glucose levels diagnosed as diabetes.
The speed of the digestive process depends on the type of food being digested. Table sugar (a simple carbohydrate) is quickly converted into glucose, and the result is a sharp, high rise in blood glucose levels. A complex carbohydrate, such as whole-wheat bread, takes longer to be converted into glucose than a simple carbohydrate. As a result, a slice of whole-wheat bread doesn’t cause as high or as fast a spike in blood glucose levels as a teaspoon of sugar. A protein takes longer to be converted into glucose than a carbohydrate.
Ideally, it would seem, your diet should be composed solely of proteins, such as meat and dairy products, so the post-meal glucose levels would be moderate. In fact, such a diet was advocated by many “experts” early this century.
Unfortunately, man cannot live on meat alone. Your body requires a variety of nutrients – carbohydrates, fats, proteins, vitamins and minerals – in order to remain healthy. The trick is to obtain a well-balanced variety of nutrients while still meeting your individual needs for reduced kilojoules intake and proper control of blood glucose levels.
What the experts have come up with is a recommendation that persons with diabetes follow an eating plan that provides fifty-five to sixty per cent of kilojoules from complex carbohydrates; twenty-five to thirty per cent of kilojoules from fat, and ten to fifteen per cent of kilojoules from protein.
After reading this, you may be tempted to go overboard on a high carbohydrate diet. Don’t do this. Meals containing large quantities of carbohydrate tend to elevate your blood glucose levels higher than meals consisting primarily of protein.
If you have just been diagnosed as having Type II diabetes, your first task is to work on normalizing your blood glucose levels. To do this, you need to shift away from carbohydrate foods that elevate these glucose levels. In so doing, you may find that you initially are eating about forty per cent carbohydrate. As your sugars improve you can slowly increase the carbohydrate content of your meals.
Heart attacks occur when a coronary artery becomes completely obstructed. The pain of a heart attack is the scream of a dying piece of heart muscle for its oxygen supply; but it is not the death of a patch of heart muscle that kills the heart attack victim.
It is the consequent abnormalities of cardiac electrical conduction. These irregularities stop the heart from beating and it is this cessation of cardiac activity that doctors refer to as a cardiac arrest.
Heart failure occurs when a weakened heart is unable to pump sufficient blood to meet the bodies’ demands. When the heart fails people experience swelling, of the feet and ankles, an enlarged liver, fluid in the lungs and shortness of breath.
The major cause of heart failure is atherosclerosis. It causes hardening and narrowing of the coronary arteries. Slowly the heart muscle is strangled by an insufficient supply of blood and oxygen. High blood pressure produces heart failure by increasing the vascular resistance to each succeeding heart beat. The heart grows larger and larger; but still cannot overcome the increase in blood pressure.
In the past, heart failure drowned it’s victims in a pool of their own pulmonary oedema. Today Vasodilators, Fluid Tablets and Digoxin allow the medical profession to postpone that unfortunate occurrence for some significant time into the future.
Vasodilating drugs like the ACE inhibitors, Capoten and Renitec reduce the workload on a failing heart by dilating the bodies’ vascular tree. Fluid leaves the venous circulation and moves through the arteries. Fluid Tablets cause the kidneys to shunt more fluid into the bladder. This again relieves the burden on a failing heart.
Digoxin increases the strength and speed of cardiac contractions allowing the mechanics of cardiac contraction to become more efficient. The proximity of Digoxin’s therapeutic dose, to a dose that produces potentially fatal overdoses leaves Digoxin the drug of last choice in the management of heart failure.
Weight loss has a non specific contribution to the management of heart failure. Many people will tip into failure because their heart cannot pump enough blood against the resistance of their body mass. A reduction in weight produces a consequent reduction in the hearts workload and an increased application to the pastime of providing good circulation.
Cancer of the cervix was the most common form of gynecological cancer until the Pap smear. Now cancer of the cervix takes second place to cancer of the uterus, but not by much.
Early intervention as a result of pap smear campaigns reduces the appearance of full blown cancer of the cervix by 20 per cent. Considering that pap smears detect 90 per cent of cervical cancers, pap smear campaigns have a long way to go.
The doctor’s inadequate technique is an ongoing problem with smear tests. One study in the United States shows that 88 per cent of samples taken by doctors were ineffective as anti cancer screens.
Early changes symptomatic of cancer of the cervix occur in a women’s second and third decade of life. In its life threatening capacity cancer of the cervix appears when a woman enters her fifth and sixth decade. In these women the cancer presents as a vaginal discharge or vaginal bleeding between the periods.
The cause of cancer of the cervix is still not clear. 90 per cent of cervical cancer cells display evidence of infection with the Herpes Type 2 virus. Even more common is the presence of the Human Papilloma Wart Virus (HPV). The concurrent presence of both viruses associated with the habit of cigarette smoking probably primes candidates for an early case of cervical cancer.
Given the relationship of cervical cancer to sexually transmitted disease, it is not surprising that cancer of the cervix is more often found in women with a history of early frequent sexual experience involving multiple partners. Nuns rarely if ever suffer from cancer of the cervix.
Detected in its early stages cancer of the cervix allows cure via cautery or cone biopsy. Detected in its later stages treatment begins with hysterectomy. When treated early with a cone biopsy 98 per cent of women contracting cervical cancer will live a further ten years.
Cancer of the cervix is another case for the regular use of condoms and avoiding cigarettes. The eradication of Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) and herpes is a difficult exercise. Moderate exercise, a good sleep pattern and dietetic enhancement of the immune system are all recommended interventions. Patchy studies indicate that zinc capsules and Lyceine have a part to play in the battle against the herpes virus.